The thyroid is a gland that is located in the front of the neck, the thyroid has 2 side lobes located either side of the windpipe, connected by a bridge that is why it looks like a butterfly. It grips on your windpipe just below Adam’s apple. The thyroid is an important gland as it secretes many important hormones which affect the body’s growth and development and even have control over the body’s temperature and metabolism

Hormones secreted by the thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is responsible for the secretion of a group of hormones collectively called thyroid hormones. Which include


Thyrotropin-releasing hormone


Thyroid stimulating hormone ting hormone


Thyroxine is the primary hormone secreted by the thyroid gland.

What is the function of the Thyroid gland

Its function is to produce hormones that regulate the body’s metabolic rate, heart function, digestive function, growth and development of the brain, maintenance of bones and the hormones even have an impact on your moods.

The thyrotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus in the brain and thyroid-stimulating hormone produced from the pituitary gland is responsible for the release of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland.

For the proper functioning of the thyroid gland, it needs an adequate supply of iodine from the daily diet you eat.

Thyroid disorders


1. Sudden Weight Gain or Weight Loss

It is often reported that if there is a sudden change in your weight, whether it be weight gain or loss it then it can be a potential symptom for the Thyroid disorder. If there is sudden gain in your weight then the level of thyroid hormones is low and this condition is called hyperthyroidism.

If you have suddenly started to lose your weight then the level of thyroid hormones is too high in your body, and this condition is called hypothyroidism

2. Abnormal Heart rate

As we know that thyroid has a great impact on the function of our body and thyroid hormones are been released within the bloodstream. So, it has a direct impact on our heart’s functioning. Therefore, if the hormone levels are low(hyperthyroidism) then it may cause the heart to speed up.

If the level of the hormones is high(hypothyroidism) then it causes the heart rate to slow down.

3. You can feel rapid changes in your mood

Mood swings are also considered as a symptom of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. In hypothyroidism, your energy levels will go down and you will start to feel depressed and tired. In hyperthyroidism, Your energy levels will go up which will make you feel restless and you may even experience anxiety.

4. You will start feeling too Hot or too Cold

You will lose your senses as Thyroid disorder can interrupt the ability to regulate the body temperature. If someone starts feeling cold more often than usual then he might be suffering from hypothyroidism. And if someone starts feeling Hot more often than usual then this might be the symptom for hyperthyroidism.

5. The connection between hair loss and thyroid problems

Hair growth is directly affected by hormonal imbalance caused by disrupted production of T3 and T4. There is no proper nourishment and development o hair at the roots. As hair falls out from the scalp it is not even replaced by the new growth, resulting in total hair loss.

Some other common symptoms of thyroid disorders

  • Menstrual changes
  • Goiter
  • Dry skin 
  • Constipation
  • Pain in muscles and joints
  • Eye and face swelling


Iodine deficiency

Iodine deficiency is one of the main causes of thyroid problems. As we know the proper supply of Iodine is a must for the release of thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland. And if there is a lack of iodine in someone’s diet then he is most probably going to suffer from these disorders. Therefore I consider Iodine deficiency as one of the main causes of thyroid disorders.

Auto-immune diseases

Autoimmune disease like Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Multiple sclerosis (MS), Type 1 diabetes mellitus, etc make the immune system to attack your own body. The immune system mistakes some of the body organs as foreign and starts to release autoantibodies that attack healthy cells.

In the case, Hashimoto thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that makes the immune system attack the thyroid which in turn becomes the cause for thyroid problems.

Thyroid surgery

If someone had thyroid surgery in which a large part of the thyroid is been removed then it can have a significant impact on thyroid hormone production. And if the production is disrupted then he might be supposed to take the hormones externally for his whole life.

Thyroid inflammation

Inflammation happens because of the hormonal imbalance and then it starts to impair thyroid hormone production and becomes one of the serious causes of thyroid problems.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy has become the most common treatment for the cancer of neck and head but the traditions of this therapy can totally damage your thyroid which will then result in thyroid disorders


Thyroid test

Blood test

Firstly everyone should go for the blood checkup to measure the levels of TSH based on the levels of TSH proper diagnosis can be taken


The treatment for hypothyroidism involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levo-T, Synthroid, others).

The changes in the hormonal will happen gradually over time and it will finally restore all the thyroid hormones.

Pragat vyawahare

Nutritionist and fitness coach

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